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Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with diagnosis, prevention and correction of improper position of the teeth and the improper alignment between the upper and lower jaw. Most patients turn to an orthodontist because they want to improve the appearance of their teeth, and thus their smile and face, being aware that nowadays facial aesthetics is important in all segments of life.
A beautiful smile contributes significantly to being self-confident. However, it should be pointed out that the correct alignment of teeth and jaws is not only of aesthetic importance, but also has a positive effect on the health of the entire stomatognathic system. Properly aligned teeth are easier to clean, which reduces the possibility of tooth decay and periodontal disease.
First visit to the orthodontist
The first visit to the orthodontist is recommended when the first permanent teeth come through, between the ages of 6 and 7.
If therapy is needed, parents will be informed of the optimal time to start it, so that the child does not needlessly wear braces for too long.
Removable braces are most often used in children with mixed dentition and in the period of growth.
Today, therapy is increasingly postponed until the age of 12, since all permanent teeth are present at that time, so that patients can be treated with fixed braces in the shortest possible time.
In adulthood, most orthodontic anomalies are treated with fixed braces. Sometimes, with severe skeletal anomalies (progenia, facial asymmetry), orthodontic therapy alone is not sufficient, but orthognathic surgery is also required to achieve satisfactory results.
The fixed braces consist of brackets that attached to the teeth and wires that have the active function of moving the teeth in the desired direction. When fixing the braces, patients receive instructions on maintaining hygiene and handling the braces. Brackets can be metal, ceramic or plastic. The wire is also an integral part of the fixed braces, which has an active function by moving the teeth.
In therapy, the patient’s cooperation is particularly important, as well as regular check-ups every 6-8 weeks. Fixed braces are almost always placed in both the upper and lower jaws in order to achieve good alignment of the jaws and the best possible occlusion. Before starting therapy, all teeth must be repaired and hygiene must be perfect.
Recently, the so-called aligners, sets of 20-30 transparent splints that patients change at set time intervals, occurred. Each of the splints makes a specific movement for which it is designed with precise computer CAD/CAM technology. The main advantage of aligners is their invisibility and elegance of wearing.